Validation study of a wellbeing scale (SPANE) in the Arab Gulf region: A multicountry study.
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The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) is an emerging wellbeing scale to measure the frequency of positive and negative emotions. This study explores the psychometric properties of SPANE on a sample from the Arab Gulf region. The Arab Gulf region shares cultural elements with the broader Muslim and Arab world, but maintains distinct features that warrants validation studies for psychological instruments. There were 1393 participants from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and other Arab Gulf countries. The factorial structure of SPANE was examined using a principal axis factor analysis, followed up with a confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity was examined by correlating SPANE with the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). The findings confirmed a two-factor structure of SPANE, and demonstrated adequate psychometric properties and convergent validity. In conclusion, this study indicates that SPANE shows sufficient validity for use as a measure of wellbeing in the Arab Gulf region.
YaaqeibS., Lambert L., Hadjisolomou S.P., Al-Fazari M., Selim H., and Haque A. Validationstudy of a wellbeing scale (SPANE) in the Arab Gulf region: A multicountrystudy. PLOS ONE 17(5): e0268027. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268027